Criminology is a scientific and a psychological study which focuses on the social and individual’s behaviour towards crime. Criminology specializes in the study of a criminal’s nature, their mind, how they work, what motivated them, the extent of the crime, control and even consequences. It is an interdisciplinary field which draws from other subjects like psychology, sociology, law, anthropology and biology.
Since criminology consist both law and science (biology and psychology), there might arise a conflict between these two disciplines with regard to justice and science. Criminology mostly focuses on criminal behaviour and also prevention of it analyzing the convict’s state of mind and even the crime scene. With these studies, it aims at reducing criminal behaviour and also to help the police authorities to catch suspects.
Criminology between Justice and Science
Criminology and Justice
While studying any criminology essay, one would also come across the subject of criminal justice. While science specifically focuses on the criminal mind, the justice system gives emphasis on the after effects of criminal behaviour on the society and how it must be dealt with. There is a very thin line with it comes to justice and science because these two disciplines usually overlap, sometimes causing a conflict of judgment.
Criminology and Science
When it comes to analyzing deviant behaviour, science plays the forefront role. It uses the knowledge from psychology and biology in breaking down the causes of the particular kind of behaviour.
But on the other hand, the after-effects of any deviant behaviour within or towards the society are a matter of sociology and law. The law is meant equally for every person and no mental condition exempts a person from being prosecuted or punished.
Criminology within Justice System and Scientific Knowledge
But, some people might see it the other way around – what role does criminology has in between the justice system and scientific knowledge. Within the justice system, it is the role of criminology to explain the human mind, how the crime occurred, when it occurred, why it occurred and even ways to prevent it to safeguard the society.
Within a courtroom, a criminologist’s statement is termed as a crucial and an extremely important piece of information since it talks in details about the deviant behavioural activities by the convict, and how it is unacceptable within a lawful social system.
On the other hand, criminology has been constantly producing information on scientific knowledge about the human brain, a mind, its activities, and how one can unravel to solve and stop the worst of crimes. The human mind, just like the vast deep ocean, is an unexplored and unreachable place where each mind works differently.
There is no general pattern, but with intense scientific analysis, criminology, one day, seeks to unravel the wired space of the unknown.
But one might now ask why does criminology play a major role where psychology is doing the same thing?
The problem is, criminology aims at unravelling criminal behaviour, hypothetically, science wishes to predict a crime just from a childhood. It might sound unethical to many liberal policies, but in terms of scientific discovery, it would be a ground-breaking analysis to prevent any sort of crimes in the world.